Wild cat's breed portrait

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 Origin and breed history

Wild cats inhabit Europe, Africa, and western Asia. There are three subspecies: the European wild cat (Felis silvestris silvestris), the African wild cat (Felis silvestris libyca) and the Asian wild cat (Felis silvestris ornata). In addition, there is the descendant of these cats that we all know, our domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus). It has ancestors from all the mentioned wild cat forms, but on balance it descends almost exclusively from the dun cat. Here it is about the European wildcat. It also lives among us, but hardly anyone has ever seen it in the wild.

In contrast to the house cat it avoids humans. With its extremely sharp senses it notices the arrival of a biped long before we even suspect its proximity. Today, with the help of photo traps, we have a certain overview of their population. Our wild cat looks at first sight like a tabby house cat. However, it is much more massive and powerfully built. Even bigger are the differences in the way of life and the nature. It is a strict loner. On its hunts it roams huge areas. Kuder, in the hunter language for male, can cover so in one night up to 20 kilometers. The European wildcat loves open forest landscapes. However, it is very reluctant to move in clearings or areas without cover. Therefore, the urban sprawl of our landscape makes it very difficult.

The European wildcat has a completely different way of hunting than our domestic cat. It is a prowling or stalking hunter. Our domestic cat, on the other hand, is a sitting hunter. The diet of the wild cat is very special and not very flexible: it hunts only small mammals like mice or young rabbits. It is usually not interested in carrion, frogs, birds or insects. This makes it vulnerable to natural events such as extreme weather conditions, where it can hardly switch to other food. It cannot be tamed and in the thousands of years since the domestic cat came to Europe with humans, it has very rarely mixed with them.

feral cat

Description

Our wild cat looks like a tabby domestic cat at first glance. However, it is much more massive and powerfully built. Its tail is thick, rather short and ends bluntly. It has a typical three-ringed pattern. Their coat is denser and somewhat longer than that of the domestic cat. Their coat pattern appears rather washed out in contrast to the wild-colored domestic cats. On the back it carries a continuous black eel line. In addition, it has a flesh-colored nose tip. Our domestic cats have rather darker nose tips in many different colors. The European wild cat has a weight of 2.5 to 6.5 kilograms with a total length including tail up to one meter. Males are stronger than cats. As vocalizations they know only hissing and growling. The meowing of our house cats show only wild cat puppies.

Character and nature

Wildcats are solitary stalkers that sneak up on their prey unnoticed and by surprise attack with a jump

grasp. WildcatOur domestic cat, on the other hand, is - like its ancestor, the hawk cat - a stalker. It will wait for hours in front of a mouse hole and then strike with lightning speed. The European wildcat only socializes briefly during the mating season. This also contributes to the fact that it is considered the only cat species in the world that cannot be tamed. Even specimens raised from birth in the care of humans avoid humans and, even in captivity, approach them at best only to within two meters to pick up a desirable piece of food. They never allow themselves to be touched voluntarily.


Attitude

The European wildcat is completely unsuitable as a pet. It is a pure wild animal. Even raised in captivity by humans, it remains wild. If for various reasons it is necessary to keep them in an enclosure, it must be very large and, above all, provide ample options for the wild cat to retreat and hide. In the wild, it never returns to a hiding place found by a human. It avoids any encounter with a human far and wide.

Education

The European wildcat is completely resistant to education by humans.

Nutrition/Food

The European wildcat is a food specialist. Its main food is voles, wood mice, field mice or young hares and rabbits.

Life expectancy

In the wild, the European wildcat rarely lives over 4 years. Of a litter, only less than half survive the first year of life. Under optimal conditions, wildcats in captivity reach an age of up to twelve years.

Buy wildcat

The wildcat lives exclusively in the wild and cannot be purchased.

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