Persian cat's breed portrait

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Origin and breed history

The Persian cat is one of the oldest breed cats at all. Probably they already existed in antiquity. However, their history is unclear. Already in 1620, the Italian traveler Pietro Della Valle reported a beautiful long-haired cat in the Persian city of Khorasan. The Frenchman Nicolas Fabri de Peiresc is said to have introduced her to France later. Since then it was called French cat. In the middle of the 19th century, the British took the lead in breeding Persian cats. Then, until 50 years ago, the name Angora cat was common. The Angora cat is highlighted in Brehms Tierleben in 1915 "as one of the most beautiful cats there is". Recent studies by geneticists suggest its roots in the long-haired Russian cats. So there is still a lot of room for speculation and serious research concerning the origin and history of the Persian cat.

It is not necessary to describe the Persian, because it is known to every cat- and animal lover. Its long hair and large head with a short muzzle are distinctive. She is a big cat, which seems sovereign and sublime. She takes life with a serenity rare for cats. She has almost completely abandoned the wildness of her ancestors and became a perfect, cuddly and faithful companion of people. Unfortunately, humans do not take this friendship too seriously. The Persian cat is a cat breed plagued by torture breeding. Only in 2016, the German veterinary associations called for the avoidance of torture breeding under the motto "Not cute, but tortured", mentioning the Persian cat asudrücklich.

Their problem is the increasingly shorter nose and the associated deformations of the entire skull. These lead among other things to serious breathing and eye problems. A Persian cat does not need a malformed skull to be a true and typical Persian. This is only an erroneous development of the last years, which must be corrected absolutely. In addition, the Persian cat is multiplied in real animal factories and then marketed EU-wide via the Internet. For centuries, the Persian cat had a completely normal, functional, healthy muzzle. Already since the middle of the 19th century the Persian cat has been systematically bred starting from England and marketed as a valuable commodity. Exhibitions have been organized and championships awarded ever since. With its foundation in 1949, the Persian cat was also immediately recognized by the Fédération Internationale Féline (FiFe) and a binding standard was established.


The Persian cat is a medium to large longhaired cat. It should have a strong body and a large, powerful head. The standard requires a round, massive, very broad skull. But at the same time requires a nose "short, broad, with a distinct stop. The bridge of the nose, as well as the nose leather must be broad. Nostrils are well opened to allow free and easy breathing." This is the O-ton of the standard of FiFe, which should actually prevent the worst excesses in the current breeding of the Persian. Unfortunately, the reality looks different. The already mentioned excesses of the breeding, which are to be characterized as torture breeding, concern primarily the length of the nose like the entire form of the skull. The extremely recessed nose hinders free breathing and damages the tear ducts with the consequence of persistent watering eyes, inflammations in the nose and throat area and even discomfort during food intake.

Birth is also not infrequently problematic due to the oversized heads, requiring a cesarean section. White coat color can be genetically coupled with deafness. Fortunately, there are still breeders who prefer the old type with long nose and healthy skull shape even if it does not meet the wishes of the breed judges and prevents championships. Persian cats are cozy also from their body shape. Males can weigh up to 9 kilograms without being overweight, while cats weigh from 4 to 7 kilograms. The long-haired Persian cat has a common standard with the Exotic Shorthair cat, bred since 1933, since 1983. The Exotic Shorthair is a Persian with short coat, which is accordingly easier to maintain.

Character and temperament

The Persian cat has a very people-oriented, friendly and gentle nature. She is simply loving and seeks the closeness of her people. She can develop a close bond here. She is a real family cat. She is attentive and very intelligent and knows her humans very well. Persian cats love the quiet life most of all with their humans. Of course, they like to move in nature once in a while, but they can also be kept exclusively in the apartment. Persian cats have a wonderful calming and relaxing aura. They are affectionate, but do not let themselves be taken in and remain their own proud personality.


A Persian cat is the ideal house cat for the apartment. It is undemanding and frugal with regard to its keeping conditions, apart from grooming and healthy breeding. However, it needs a close relationship with its owners. She loves to be with people as well as with the animal partners in her family. However, both, cat and for example a dog, should have been accustomed to each other with patience. She does not have to be a free roamer to feel completely at home. However, she does not like to be left alone for a long time. They are extremely sociable and gets along easily with children, all family friends and animal housemates.

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