Carthusian cat's breed portrait

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Origin and history of the breed

The Carthusian cat is one of the oldest purposefully bred domestic cats. today it is also called Chartreux. Already in writings of the late Middle Ages, the Blue is described as a rather long-haired cat. As "Chat des Chartreux" or "Cartheuserkatze" it is documented in the oldest works of zoology of modern times. Perhaps it is the oldest pedigree cat at all, next to the Persian cat. The name Cartheusian is possibly derived from its typical black-bluish coat color. It used to remind of the color of the monks' working frocks. The history of the Carthusian cat is closely related to the British Blue, which today is listed as a color type of the British Shorthair cat. Until the 1970s, the Carthusian and British Blue formed a common gene pool.

It was purely a matter of discretion whether a breeder offered his kittens as Carthusian and as British Blue. It remained the same cat. Only later did the breeders begin to draw a line of separation for marketing reasons and proclaim two separate breeds. For both new creations, certain distinguishing features were conceived quasi from the hollow belly and have been purposefully bred ever since. The Carthusian cat remained in its shape at a rather slender domestic cat, received at the same time a somewhat unnaturally narrow head with very large eyes. The British Blue was bred rather compact, stocky with a broad, round, almost plush head. When the Fédération Internationale Féline was founded in 1949, one of its first official acts was to recognize the Carthusian cat. In connection with the split of the breed into Carthusian and British Blue, the standard was revised in 1977.

Description

The Carthusian cat is a medium-sized domestic cat. It has a strong but at the same time slender build with a broad, well-developed chest. Males weigh 6 to 7, cats 4 to 5 kilograms. The coat is shiny and lush in growth. It has a double coat where the hairs stand. The undercoat should be slightly woolly at the base. This is required by the standard. It must always have a uniform coat color. As colors only blue tones are permitted, there however all. These can range from a light to a very dark blue-gray. White hair like green eyes are not desired. A Carthusian cat with bright yellow eyes, for example, is like its sister, the British Blue, an extremely elegant as well as impressive appearance.

Character and temperament

The Carthusian is a very balanced cat in temperament. She still has a good bit of pleasant wildness in her, but at the same time she is simply sweet and seeks closeness to her humans. To him she can develop a close bond. She is a real family cat. Carthusian cats like to move in nature like any domestic cat, but their urge to do so is not so strongly developed. She also catches a mouse once in a while, if the opportunity is favorable. Suitable cat toys are just as well for her. She is very cuddly and one likes to stroke and cuddle her alone because of her lovely, trusting appearance and her fluffy fur. She likes that too. Carthusians are extremely sociable and get along with other animal housemates without any problems - provided both sides have had a chance to get used to each other.

Attitude

The Carthusian cat is an ideal house cat. It is very well suited for the apartment. Ideal, but not condition, is if a garden or a larger area is added. Unlike a normal house cat, the Carthusian will generally never stray far from the house. However, you never know with an unneutered male Carthusian cat on a bridal search. However, the Carthusian cat does not have to be an outdoor cat to be comfortable. It is undemanding and frugal with regard to its housing conditions, but needs the intimate relationship with its two-legged friends. She loves the common experience with the humans or the animal partners in her family.

Education

The Carthusian cat is easy to train. If she comes from a reputable breeder who has well cared for and socialized parents and puppies, she will fit into the rules and habits of her family by herself. With a little guidance, she will be housebroken quickly and easily. Carthusians take a long time, sometimes up to two years, to grow up properly.

Care and health

The Carthusian cat's coat can be brushed now and then; that's all it needs. With a little feeling and skill, fur brushing can be turned into a social bonding ritual that is emotionally beneficial to both cat and human.

Diseases typical for the breed

Sometimes inbreeding is a problem. Some hereditary diseases typical of pedigree cats can also occur in Carthusian cats.

Nutrition/Food

The Carthusian is usually an easy eater by cat standards.

Life expectancy

A Carthusian cat, healthily bred, can easily live 12 to 15 years.

Buying a Carthusian cat

If you want to get a Carthusian cat, you can first look around in animal shelters. At the breeder's you should make sure that parents and puppies grow up in good conditions, especially with a close social connection to the human family. You should look at the pedigree. Here no ancestor should appear twice, in order to exclude too strong inbreeding. Both parents should be tested negative for the common hereditary diseases of pedigree cats. Serious breeders indicate this in their advertisements. Of course the kittens should be vaccinated, dewormed and chipped several times. A reputable bred Carthusian cat puppy should cost around 700 Euros.

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